Bhujangasana steps: cobra pose

Cobra yoga to strengthen your spine

– Lay flat on the floor face down

– Place your palms on the floor directly under your shoulders, fingers together and pointing straight forward, keep the elbows from pointing outwards

– Place your feet hip width apart and press the tops of your feet towards the floor

– At the same time press your hips and pubic bone into the floor, this will straighten out the backs of the legs, and lift the front of the knees off the floor.

The cobra pushes the length of its body down towards the earth, in order for the head to rise upwards, getting ready to strike. Here the muscles in the legs will strengthen, and buttocks will become firm. (Who doesn’t want firm buttocks?)

  • Apply a little more pressure into the floor with the tops of the feet, hips and pubic bone. You will automatically start to feel the head and chest rising upward.
  • First let the legs do their work with maximum strength. Using no pressure from the hands.
  • When the head and chest reach to the maximum height from the power of the legs, apply just a little pressure into the hands, to lift a slightly higher. Be sensitive, careful that you do not pressure the lower back too much.

Do not straighten the elbows; if you do the arms will take away all the weight of the upper body. It is the legs that are to do the most work here. If you straighten the elbows, the technique of the pose will be lost, and you will convert the pose partially to Urdhva Mukha Svanasana (The Upward Facing Dog Pose). So let’s just focus on the cobra for now, I will write on the dogs later!

So, keeping the elbows slightly bent will ensure the legs don’t get lazy! If you start to notice too much tension in the arms, you simply have to apply more pressure into the pubic bone and tops of the feet.

  • While keeping the pubic bone and tops of the feet working strong into the floor, slowly push your lower ribs forward, these are very subtle movements so don’t go and over do!
  • Lift the center of the chest upwards
  • Lift your chin up to stretch out the throat
  • Gently reach with the top of your head towards the buttocks.
  • Often when the head is reaching back, some tension will form on the forehead particularly if you are lifting your eyebrows, some people even blink rapidly… these are just silly habits. If you notice that you are an eyebrow lifter, simply point the pupils of the eyes towards the tip of the nose, that should sort out that little problem!
  • Keep the chest at the same height, and slowly draw the shoulders down. As if you are releasing a shrug.

Here, all the organs in the belly get stretched, stimulated and toned, the chest is opened and the passages for the heart and lungs are cleared. The shoulders are strengthened, and circulation of blood and oxygen throughout the spinal and pelvic region are improved.

For those who find a little too much tension in the neck, all you need to do, is draw the chin slightly in towards the throat. From time to time, reach again upwards with the chin, this will inspire a healing process for tight necks.

If you are feeling strong, try this little trick.

  • While you are in full posture, keep you hands firm on the floor do not let them move on floor
  • Start to draw your hands and elbows back towards your hips

This will take you slightly deeper into the back bend. Remember the hands do not move. Be very sensitive to the spinal column as you do this.

Less experienced people or people who need to be more sensitive with back bends can do ardha bhujangasana (half cobra pose) instead.

  • Apply the same technique for the legs
  • Instead of hands under the shoulders, put your elbows directly under the shoulders, with your forearms and fingers pointing straight forward and flat on the floor.
  • Keep your chin horizontal and the top of the head reaching straight up towards the ceiling.


The breath is the most important part of yoga

In most backbends (stretching the front parts of the body and spinal column) the inhale is the active breath and the exhale the passive.

  • On the inhale, push the pubic bone and tops of the feet stronger into the floor, and reach back slightly further with the top of the head
  • On the exhale, ease up slightly in the pose
  • Then activate again reaching a little further on the next inhale etc.

This much for today

Dhanurasana: how to do bow pose successfully

Dhanurasana is an excellent stretch that removes rigidity from the spinal column. It will also tone the belly while strengthening the organs in the abdominal cavity.

How do I prepare for bow pose?

A warm up is required for this pose, so it is best not to go straight into it. The intentions of this article and any article that I put out about yoga postures, is simply to make you more aware of the technical side of the poses in your yoga sequence.

So, when you get to dhanurasana, lay face down, bend your knees and reach back to grab your ankles. If you cannot yet grab your ankles, leave out dhanurasana for now. Be patient with your body. You can work with other postures such as early variations of salabhasana (locust pose).

Those who are more flexible can hold on to your shinbones moving closer to the knees as you develop further.

  • Start by pushing your abdomen into the floor. That’s right your abdomen, not your hips.
  • The arms and legs will feel like they are pulling against each other quite strongly. This will happen. Now with the mind convert the action by making the arms and legs work together to lift the toes higher.
  • On the inhale push the belly stronger into the floor, keep that pressure, then on the exhales lift the toes higher still.
  • Work with the breath, allow a little movement, and avoid keeping the pose stagnant.
  • Keep your chin horizontal, and the top of the head reaching up to the ceiling.

Using the imagination is very useful with this kind of work. So in this case imagine that you are a bow. The body from the head to the knees resemble the bow. The arms and the shinbones are the string. The hands and feet is where the archer is pulling the string to maximum length to shoot the arrow at highest speed!

Hold anywhere from 5 to 10 breathes, be watchful of where the tensions are in the spine. Come down and relax as soon as you need to, then give it another go!

Throw in the technique of lightening the mind, a tense mind will only make the body tense. Keep the face muscles also relaxed, and you will find the pose to be a breeze in no time!

This much for today

Downward dog pose: Adho Mukha Svanasana

A wonderful stretch for the arms, shoulders, spine and legs.

Increases power throughout the body, relieves weariness and invigorates, improving the immune system, digestion and blood circulation, and my favourite: it uplifts the mind.

Downward dog pose is perhaps the most utilised pose in the yoga tradition. It is in the sun salutations, vinyasa and several other classical and contemporary yoga sequences for everyone from beginners to the well-experienced practitioner.

When performing Downward dog pose, press the centre of your palms into your mat, this will engage both sides of each hand, and take a little pressure off your wrists. Apply enough strength to the centre of the palms so that your forearms and upper arms feel longer and stronger.

Point your feet straight forward, keeping them shoulder width apart. Press your heels toward the mat to start a warm up stretch for the legs. As the muscles ease into the stretch, take it a little deeper; keep pressing your heels downward and at the same time, lift the sitting bones toward the ceiling. Remember to keep the arms engaged as you apply more power toward the centre of the palms.

Place your ears between the biceps. With a pivoting action at the head, pull your throat sensitively back toward your neck and reach with the top of the head to the space between the two hands. This will lengthen your spine further.

On the inhale ease up slightly and on a lengthy exhale reach to your maximum. You could take it even further by pressing the centre of the under arms toward your toes. Do this only if your body is feeling strong in the pose.

There are so many different layers to this pose and multiple subtle variations to be discovered in your own practice. A pose positively worth experimenting with, with full attention. It is so easily accessible, and one of the best ways to remove accumulated stress throughout your body so that you can stay on top of your game by performing at your best.




Conscious Breath – A technique that you can always count on!

A regular meditation practice is easier than you think: most of us have the idea that we need to find a suitable time and appropriate place. While this can be true for some techniques, here is one that you can do anytime, in any location.

The conscious breath.

This meditation technique is to simply become conscious of your natural breath. There is no difficulty (and no place for excuses!). Your breath is the only thing that is consistent in your life. From the first inhale moments after your birth, to your very last exhale.

Here’s how to turn it into an effective meditation practice.

  • Observe the breath from the beginning of the inhalation, and keep observing it right to the end of the inhalation.
  • Then from the beginning of the exhalation, observe the breath right through to the end of the exhalation.
  • Repeat.

You may start to feel that you are controlling your breath, because now you are paying attention to it. Just keep going, just keep breathing, and keep watching. Careful not to jump ahead! Move with the breath, as it enters the nostrils observe, as it leaves the nostrils, observe.

With practice, your mind will learn to focus on the present. This technique is particularly good for when the mind is dull with doldrums of the past, or in frantic worry about the future. Notice as you observe your breath, you become more alert, more focused, and more relaxed.

Conscious breathing will keep you alert to the present, empowering you to have a richer experience. Remember that you don’t have to put this time aside; you can do it at any time, with what ever you are doing. As you read this, right now, you can still be aware of the breath, and stay alert to the words you are reading. Experiment with other things also, as you go about your work, when you are walking, when you are preparing a meal, when you are in bed creating an atmosphere for quality sleep!

With practice, you will soon start to notice the different ways you breathe in different circumstances. Experiment by practicing the conscious breath with different emotions, when you feel tired, when you are in anger, when you feel happy, when you are under pressure, the opportunities to practice this simple yet profound technique are endless.

So keep observing and enjoy the greatest gift that has been given to you: your breath!

I have had excellent feedback from many of you, who have benefited greatly from my instruction of Ujjayi breath. Overall, people reported feeling warmed and invigorated throughout their bodies, and also observed new clarity in their minds. I truly appreciate this feedback and thank you for taking the time to let me know how the techniques make you feel.




If this techniques bring to mind anyone in your circle of friends, family or colleagues who may be interested in developing their personal effectiveness, I would be honoured if you shared this tip for living more skilfully.